Mastering Coq au Vin - Classic French Dish

Mastering Coq au Vin: Classic French Chicken in Red Wine

Coq au Vin, which translates to "rooster in wine," is a celebrated French dish known for its deep, savory flavors developed through slow cooking chicken in red wine. This dish is a staple in French cuisine and offers a delightful taste of France's culinary heritage. Whether you're a seasoned chef or a home cook, mastering Coq au Vin can add a sophisticated touch to your cooking repertoire. Here’s how you can prepare this classic dish, with tips to ensure it comes out perfectly.

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To start, gather the following ingredients:

  • Chicken: Traditionally, older birds were used, but today, most recipes call for a whole chicken cut into pieces.
  • Red Wine: A full-bodied wine like Burgundy is ideal, but any good quality red wine that you enjoy drinking will work.
  • Bacon: Thick-cut bacon adds a smoky flavor.
  • Mushrooms: Button or cremini mushrooms are typically used.
  • Onions: Small pearl onions work best for their size and sweetness.
  • Garlic: Adds depth to the flavor profile.
  • Chicken Stock: Enhances the sauce.
  • Flour: For thickening the sauce.
  • Butter: Used for sautéing.
  • Herbs: Thyme and bay leaf are traditional choices.
  • Salt and Pepper: For seasoning.


Step 1: Prepare the Ingredients

  1. Marinate the Chicken: Marinate the chicken pieces in red wine with a few cloves of garlic, thyme, and bay leaf overnight in the refrigerator. This step is crucial as it infuses the chicken with the wine’s flavors.
  2. Prepare Vegetables and Bacon: Dice the bacon, and peel the onions. Clean and quarter the mushrooms.

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Step 2: Cook the Bacon and Vegetables

  1. In a large Dutch oven or heavy pot, render the bacon until crisp. Remove the bacon and set aside.
  2. In the same pot, using the bacon fat, brown the pearl onions until they are golden. Remove and set aside.
  3. Sauté the mushrooms until they are golden brown. Set aside with the onions.

Step 3: Brown the Chicken

  1. Remove the chicken from the marinade (reserve the marinade) and pat dry. Season with salt and pepper.
  2. Brown the chicken pieces in the remaining fat, adding butter if needed, until all sides are a nice golden color. Remove and set aside.

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Step 4: Make the Sauce

  1. Add a bit of flour to the pot and stir to form a roux.
  2. Slowly pour in the reserved marinade while stirring to avoid lumps.
  3. Add the chicken stock and bring to a simmer. Return the chicken to the pot.

Step 5: Slow Cook

  1. Add the cooked bacon, onions, and mushrooms to the pot.
  2. Cover and simmer on low heat for about 1.5 to 2 hours, or until the chicken is tender.

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Step 6: Final Seasoning

  1. Adjust the seasoning with salt and pepper.
  2. If the sauce is too thin, you can thicken it with a mixture of butter and flour.

Serving Suggestions

Serve your Coq au Vin with a side of mashed potatoes, rice, or crusty French bread to soak up the delicious sauce. A green salad dressed with a simple vinaigrette will balance the richness of the dish.


Coq au Vin is more than just a chicken dish; it's a piece of culinary art that brings a taste of French tradition to your table. With patience and the right ingredients, you can master this classic dish and impress your guests with its complex flavors and hearty appeal.

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Remember, at Mavyn, whether you need further guidance on this recipe or any other culinary challenge, our AI and human experts are here to help. Just chat with Mavyn GPT or connect with a human expert to get the answers you need.